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Fredericksburg, Virginia

Hugh Mercer Apothecary Shop

Picture 7 of 29

This late 18th century building which has been restored as the Hugh Mercer Apothecary Shop presents a vivid interpretation of 18th and 19th century medical practices.

A political refugee from Scotland who immigrated first to Pennsylvania, Hugh Mercer settled in Fredericksburg in 1761 after heroism in the French and Indian War. Mercer established his apothecary shop and doctor's office at the corner of Amelia and Caroline Streets in 1771. Mercer flourished professionally and personally. He married the daughter of John Gordon, the town's leading tavern keeper and bought Ferry Farm from his friend, George Washington.

Appointed a brigadier general in 1776, Mercer was mortally wounded at the Battle of Princeton in January 1777. Mercer's five children were reared by his brother-in-law, George Weedon, also a Revolutionary War general, and they became their uncle's only heirs.

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