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Valley Forge National Historical Park

Earthworks at Redoubt 3

Picture 22 of 25

The earthworks today appear to be giant molehills. But it took complex engineering to construct them.

A deep ditch was excavated in front, to slow an attacking enemy. The dirt was heaped into gabions - baskets of interwoven branches. Bundles of branches called fascines were piled outside and inside the wall to protect the defenders, then the entire work was usually covered with sod to absorb cannon fire.

Here at Redoubt 3, the inside walls were faced with stakes. Sod was scarce in the mud-churned encampment. Though partially reconstructed, Redoubt 3 is built on reminants of the original site.

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